Vihiga County covers an area of 530.9 sq Km. it has an annual average rainfall of between 1,800mm and 2,000 mm and average temperature of 24 Degrees C. It has 3 Local Authorities (Vihiga Municipal Council, Vihiga County Council, and Luanda Town Council) Mbale Town is the administrative capital.
Vihiga County has hilly terrain. It also has a good amount of forest cover such as Kibiri forest, which is an extension of Kakamega forest. Agriculture is the main economic activity. Crops planted include tea, maize, millet, bananas, avocado, papaya, sweet potatoes and cassava. Livestock rearing is also practiced in the county