Turkana County covers an area of 68,680.3 Sq Km. It is warm and hot with unreliable rainfall pattern ranging between 300mm and 400mm per annum. It has 2 Local Authorities (Municipal council of Lodwar, County Council of Turkana) Lodwar Town is the administrative headquarters.
Majority of the residents of Turkana County depend on nomadic pastoralism and fishing as a major source of their livelihoods. Fishing is practised in the waters of Lake Turkana with Tilapia and Nile perch being among some of the fish species caught in the Lake. Goats, camels, donkeys and zebu cattle the most common livestock kept by the communities in the region. Kerio River and Turkwell dam supply the region with water for cultivation and for livestock.
The county’s tourist attractions includes Lake Turkana, Sibiloi National Park and two islands on Lake Turkana that migratory birds use as a stopping ground. The parks are also habitats of Nile crocodiles, hippopotamus and snakes.